Diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases related to the endocrine system (endocrine glands). Endocrinology is closely associated with practically all other medical disciplines, such as gynecology, cardiology, oncology, andrology, ophthalmology etc
Symptoms and main conditions
The symptoms of endocrine disorders can include excessive or insufficient weight, increased fatigue, appetite disturbances, heat or cold intolerance, impaired physical or mental development, unexplained infertility, excessive thirst and/or frequent urination. If these symptoms appear, it is important to consult an endocrinologist.
The most common endocrine disorders include diabetes (both type 1 and type 2), thyroid disorders ranging from inflammation to tumors, abnormal calcium levels in the blood, and excessive or insufficient production of growth hormone.
What does an endocrinologist do:
- Conducts a detailed examination of the patient, including visual inspection and palpation of the thyroid gland and lymph nodes
- Prescribes laboratory tests, including hormone analysis and metabolic screenings
- Prescribes specialised investigations such as CT scans and MRI
- Refers the patient for ultrasound imaging and interprets the results
- Diagnoses the condition and prescribes and administers treatment