Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of various diseases of the rectum, colon (large intestine), and adjacent structures (including the anus) are the main focus of coloproctology. The full medical term for this specialty is coloproctology, which is a surgical discipline. Coloproctologists specialize in both surgical and non-surgical approaches to manage conditions affecting the rectum, colon, and anus

Symptoms and main conditions

Discomfort in the rectal or anal area, constipation or diarrhea, especially with the presence of blood, bleeding or pain during bowel movements, hemorrhoids, fecal incontinence, and anal pain are reasons to seek medical attention from a proctologist.
The main diseases in proctology include hemorrhoids, anal fissures, fistulas, rectal prolapse, worm infestations, proctitis, paraproctitis, colitis, as well as malignant conditions of the proctological area”

What does a proctologist do:

  • Consults patients
  • Performs diagnostic examinations, including digital and instrumental ones, including endoscopic procedures
  • Prescribes additional laboratory, instrumental, and radiological investigations when necessary (rectosigmoidoscopy, anoscopy, colonoscopy, irrigography, stool analysis, CT scan)
  • Interprets the results of these investigations
  • Diagnoses and treats proctological diseases, including surgical interventions.

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