A broad field of medicine that deals with the use of imaging techniques for visual diagnosis and treatment of various conditions. It involves the use of ultrasound, X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear medicine, and is within the expertise of a radiologist.

Symptoms and main conditions

The most common radiological methods of examination are X-ray radiography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasound imaging (sonography).

Ultrasound imaging (sonography) is the most accessible, safe, and informative diagnostic method for patients, including pregnant women. It is used to diagnose diseases of various organs and tissues, such as:

  • Abdominal organs (liver, gallbladder and bile ducts, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, urinary bladder, prostate gland for men)
  • Thyroid gland (considered the “gold standard” for diagnosing pathologies, especially when assessing nodules)
  • Soft tissues of the neck
  • Genitourinary organs
  • Musculoskeletal system
  • Cardiovascular pathologies, and more.
  • Ultrasound imaging can be used not only for diagnosing pathology but also for preventive screenings and treatment monitoring

What does a radiologist do:

  • Consults patients
  • Performs or orders additional diagnostic investigations using ultrasound and radiological methods such as ultrasound imaging (including echocardiography), CT scans, MRI scans, and X-rays
  • Interprets the results of the investigations in collaboration with the clinician
  • Diagnoses various diseases and conditions and monitors their treatment progress.

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