Cardiology is a vast field of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to the heart and cardiovascular system. Cardiological conditions fall within the scope of a cardiologist’s expertise
Symptoms and main conditions
Clinical cardiology is involved in the conservative (medication-based) treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Interventional cardiology focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular conditions through catheterization of blood vessels (insertion of plastic tubes into the heart vessels through a skin puncture) and reopening of blocked vessels.
If you experience chest pain (especially in the middle of the chest, behind the sternum), heart-related discomfort, irregular or rapid heartbeat, high or low blood pressure, shortness of breath, fatigue, ankle swelling, and similar symptoms, it may indicate cardiac conditions. If such symptoms occur, it is advisable to consult a cardiologist.
What does a cardiologist do:
- Consults patients
- Refers for additional investigations (if necessary) – ECG, echocardiography, exercise stress testing, coronary angiography, etc.
- Interprets the results of the investigations
- Diagnoses and treats cardiovascular diseases